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Saturday, July 25, 2020 | History

2 edition of Rational addictive behavior and cigarette smoking found in the catalog.

Rational addictive behavior and cigarette smoking

Frank J. Chaloupka

Rational addictive behavior and cigarette smoking

by Frank J. Chaloupka

  • 150 Want to read
  • 8 Currently reading

Published by National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, MA .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Compulsive behavior -- Economic aspects -- Mathematical models.,
  • Nicotine addiction -- Economic aspects -- Mathematical models.,
  • Cigarettes -- Prices -- Econometric models.,
  • Demand functions (Economic theory),
  • Consumption (Economics) -- United States.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementFrank J. Chaloupka.
    SeriesNBER working paper series -- working paper no. 3268, Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research) -- working paper no. 3268.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination47 p. ;
    Number of Pages47
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL22437035M

      Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) for Addiction rewarding oneself for refusing a cigarette, penalizing oneself for smoking, removing ashtrays in the . Downloadable! The hypotheses of non-addiction, myopia and rational addiction are tested using annual, quarterly and monthly data. Changes in the prices of Japanese cigarettes can be viewed as exogenous from the point of view of consumer behavior, because the Japanese government controls cigarette prices. The empirical results of this paper support the addiction hypothesis.

    Introduction. Tobacco smoking is associated with increased risk of a wide variety of health problems—certainly the best known being lung cancer and cardiovascular disease(s), but ongoing research now suggests that it affects nearly every organ in the body [].Many public health interventions have been attempted in efforts to decrease the population prevalence of cigarette smoking. Rational Addictive Behavior and Cigarette Smoking.

    Rational addiction and smoking cessation: an empirical study. Journal of Socio-Economics 28 (5), –]. While a smoker's rationality plays a critical role in his decision to quit, whether the.   The rational addiction approach claims to draw support from empirical studies of smoking behavior. These studies all use the number of cigarettes per capita as the explanatory variable without taking account of the nicotine content of the cigarettes.


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Rational addictive behavior and cigarette smoking by Frank J. Chaloupka Download PDF EPUB FB2

After a discussion of cigarette smoking in the context of the Becker-Murphy () model of rational addictive behavior, demand equations are derived accounting for the tolerance, reinforcement, and withdrawal characteristic of addictive consumption. These are contrasted to Cited by: Cigarette demand equations accounting for tolerance, reinforcement, and withdrawal are derived using the Becker-Murphy model of rational addiction and are estimated using data from the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Estimates imply that smoking is addictive, individuals are not myopic, and price increases would reduce by: Get this from a library. Rational addictive behavior and cigarette smoking.

[Frank J Chaloupka; National Bureau of Economic Research.]. Abstract: Cigarette demand equations accounting for tolerance, reinforcement, and withdrawal are derived using the Becker-Murphy model of rational addiction and are estimated using data from the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Estimates imply that smoking is addictive, individuals are not myopic, and price increases Cited by: Downloadable. After a discussion of cigarette smoking in the context of the Becker-Murphy () model of rational addictive behavior, demand equations are derived accounting for the tolerance, reinforcement, and withdrawal characteristic of addictive consumption.

These are contrasted to equations developed under the competing hypotheses that smoking is not addictive or that cigarettes. Downloadable.

Author(s): Frank J. Chaloupka. Abstract: After a discussion of cigarette smoking in the context of the Becker-Murphy () model of rational addictive behavior, demand equations are derived accounting for the tolerance, reinforcement, and withdrawal characteristic of addictive consumption.

These are contrasted to equations developed under the competing hypotheses that. Downloadable (with restrictions). Cigarette demand equations accounting for tolerance, reinforcement, and withdrawal are derived using the Becker-Murphy model of rational addiction and are estimated using data from the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Estimates imply that smoking is addictive, individuals are not myopic, and price increases would reduce demand. The Theory of Rational Addictions, by Gary Becker & Kevin Murphy (), was a rational choice model that became a standard tool for economists modeling addictive approach differs from other theories of addiction by modeling addictive behavior as the gradual implementation of a rational, forward‐looking plan, where consumption at any point in time is partly.

It is well known that cigarette smoking and the use of other addictive goods is harmful to health. Book. Full-text available consider addiction as a fully rational behavior, assuming that. Chaloupka FJ. Rational Addictive Behavior and Cigarette Smoking. The Journal of Political Economy.

; – doi: / Baltagi BH, Griffin JM. The Econometrics of Rational Addiction: The Case of Cigarettes. Journal of Business & Economic Statistics. ; – Arellano M, Bond S. Four theories are presented to account for addiction, defined as a high rate of consumption of a substance that is ultimately harmful to the organism.

The theories are teleological and behavioral in the sense that the ultimate motivational forces they posit lie in the environmental context of behavior—in an economic utility function or a process of behavioral adjustment—rather than in an.

The study here adds empirical evidence to myopic addiction models of cigarette demand and also provides a sensitivity analysis by estimating a model of rational addiction with the same data. Note that dynamic models with addictive behavior predict long-run demand price elasticities will be larger than short-run elasticities (in absolute value).

1. Introduction. Conventional cigarette use (“smoking”) is responsible for approximately one in five US deaths each year, with a disproportionate burden of disease among those with mental illness (Prochaska et al., ).Excluding individuals with substance use disorders, smoking rates for adults with any past-year mental illness were 33% in –, as compared to 21% among others.

smoking status) data from to (BRFSS). The results show that, a) smoking consumption is a rational addictive behavior and that, b) as prices decrease, consumption increases significantly, but smoking participation does not change much.

The results verify that cigarette consumption follows rational addictive behavior. Empirical Work. The theory of rational addictive behavior has important implications concerning the impact of a smoker’s socioeconomic status on his or her incentive to quit.

The research reported on here extends the previously developed theory of addictive behavior to show its implications for both successful and unsuccessful quitting. This framework models addictive behavior as being perfectly rational.

Consumers anticipate the addiction and health consequences of their decisions and choose to adopt addictive behavior because the anticipated benefits from this consumption, in terms of smoking pleasure, peer acceptance, etc., out-weigh all of these costs.

Data. Data on cigarette prices and consumption were obtained from The Tax Burden on Tobacco,12 a standard source for these data. Also, during the period spanning the mid-to-late s, the Tobacco Use Supplement (TUS) of the US Census Bureau’s Current Population Survey collected data on individuals’ attitudes toward smoking policies (and thus the extent to which smoking is socially.

Today: Yesterday: This Week: Last Week: THE TRADITIONAL VIEW OF economists is that cigarette taxes are highly regressive.1– 4 A regressive tax is one for which the poor pay a higher percentage of their income in taxes than do the rich5—a tax that hits the poor more than the rich.

The regressivity of cigarette taxes has not been considered very important, because it is the overall progressivity of the tax system that matters, and.

1. Introduction. Since the introduction of Becker and Murphy ()'s rational addiction theory, the consumption behaviors of addictive products, such as cigarettes, have received considerable attention from economists. To test the validity of the theory, numerous empirical studies have been conducted, such as Chaloupka () and Becker et al.

(). Downloadable! Cigarette demand equations, derived from the Becker-Murphy model of rational addictive behavior, are estimated separately for men and women.

These demand equations account for the reinforcement, tolerance, and withdrawal factors characterizing addictive consumption. Results obtained from these demand equations support the hypothesis that cigarette smoking is an addictive behavior.addiction to derive and estimate cigarette demand equations that ex-plicitly account for the addictive nature of cigarette smoking.

Cigarette smoking is ideal for empirically testing the rational addic-tion model. Cigarettes, because of nicotine, are addictive, with smok-ing the most widespread addictive behavior in today's society.

The.smoking. Cigarette smoking is ideal for empirically testing the rational addiction model. Cigarettes, due to the nicotine contained in them, are an addictive good, with cigarette smoking the most widespread addictive behavior in today's society.5 Due to the high incidence of cigarette smoking .